Obesity in today’s modern era has almost become an epidemic owing to sedentary lifestyles and unhealthy eating habits among old and young. Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat collects in the body to an extent that it affects the normal functioning of the body. Obesity is a complex and chronic disease with many causes and not simply a result of overeating.
A person who is morbidly obese is a candidate for weight loss surgery. Morbidity means where obesity is the reason for disease or ailment in the body. Or when weight hampers in the day to day activities of the person, one is a good candidate for weight loss or bariatric surgery.
Medically speaking doctors have recommended certain criteria to determine candidacy for weight loss surgery. One criterion is being 50 to 100 percent more than the ideal body weight or being 100 pounds more than the ideal body weight. Another important criterion is the measure of one's Body Mass Index (BMI). Surgery is indicated when other methods have failed to control obesity. There are various techniques of weight loss surgeries, though all of them work in two ways- restriction and mal absorption. The weight loss surgeries have proven to be the most effective ways to lose excess weight permanently.
With advancement in technology and sophisticated equipments available, weight loss surgery has become very safe and very less down time. One is up and working within a week after the procedure. The procedure can also be performed laparoscopically or through laparoscope and thus cut and scars is something you do not have to really worry about.
There are also various weight loss surgery options and what suits you the most depends on your age, weight and preference. One can discuss the pros and cons of each procedure with the surgeon and can chose the procedure best suited.
Common Weight Loss procedures are:
Laparoscopic Gastric Banding - Laparoscopic adjustable gastric band or " lap band " involves placing an inflatable silicone device or band around the top portion of the stomach, which reduces the capacity of the stomach, resulting in lesser food intake and thus promoting weight loss.
LaparoscopicSleeve Gastrectomy – The procedure works by limiting the amount of food stomach can accept. The surgery eliminates a major percentage of the stomach to leave a small portion of the stomach which is tube shaped or is like a sleeve.
LaparoscopicGastric Bypass – This surgery works by making the stomach smaller and the digestive system shorter. A gastric bypass divides the stomach into a small upper pouch and a larger remnant pouch and then arranges the small intestine to allow both pouches to stay connected to it accordingly.
Intra Gastric Ballooning – Intra Gastric ballooning is a simple, non invasive procedure to treat obesity. The procedure involves placing a balloon inside the stomach to reduce hunger and food intake.
India has become a favourite destination for people seeking Weight Loss Surgery owing to highly trained surgeons and low cost of procedure. Its costs a fraction in India as compared to what it would cost in countries like USA, UK, Canada, Australia, New Zealand etc. People from countries Kenya, Tanzania, Nigeria, Uganda and middle east countries like UAE, Kuwait, Oman understand the advantages India offers and are thus come to India for Weight Loss Procedures. The advantages being excellent infrastructure with cutting – edge technology at the hospitals in India. Besides the treatment being available at an affordable cost, the surgeries are being performed by skilled surgeons who are known for their expertise in the field.