Monday, January 2, 2012

Knee Joint Replacement Surgery - Types and options


Knee Joint Replacement Surgery

Knee Replacement is the most common among joint replacement surgeries.  The knee replacement is indicated in conditions in which the knee joint has reached a point when painful symptoms can no longer be controlled with non-operative treatments and there is a significant loss of function and limitations in performing even day to day activities.

Although knee joint looks like a simple joint, yet is structurally complex. It is more likely to be injured than is any other joint in the body.  The common indications for knee replacement surgery are – Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid arthritis and the conditions where there is signification joint pain, deformity and loss of function.
There are various types of joint replacement surgeries

Depending upon the indications, patient’s age and medical condition of the joint, the following knee replacement surgeries can be performed:

·         Total Knee joint Replacement (TKR) – TKR is the choice of treatment when all other conservative treatments have failed to relieve the severely disabling knee pain.

·         High Flex Knee Replacement – Also called as full bend knee replacement, the surgery allows knee bending up to 155 degrees. It is a boon to patients seeking increased function after knee replacement. It allows activities after the surgery which require deep knee bend like stair climbing, squatting, kneeling, gardening etc. 

·         Minimally invasive quadriceps (sparing total knee replacement) - Quadriceps- sparing knee replacement surgery is the technique that allows surgeons to insert the same knee replacement implants through a shorter incision that avoids any kind of trauma to the quadriceps muscles. Unlike the conventional surgery, where the incision is about 7-8"long, minimally invasive surgery is done through an incision which is 3-4" long, resulting in quick recovery. The patients are able to walk as early as the third day after the surgery.

·         Partial Knee Replacement (Uni-condylar or Uni-compartmental) - 
Uni-compartmental knee replacement is an option for a small percentage of people suffering from osteoarthritis of a part of the knee joint. In a uni-compartmental knee replacement, only the damaged compartment is replaced with metal and plastic.

Knee Joint Replacement Surgery - Types and options


The results of knee replacement are very gratifying and vary with the type of replacement done. One can enjoy an active lifestyle after the surgery free of pain. Whereas after a Total Knee Replacement Surgery, one can resume routine activities in 3-4 weeks after the surgery and an active lifestyle in about 6 weeks, in the case of Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement Surgery, a hospital stay of 3-4 days is required and the patient is able to resume his daily activities within ten days. The patients are advised to refrain from doing certain high impact activities like jogging and jumping. More rigorous activities are resumed after about 4-5 weeks of the surgery. After Knee Replacement Surgery, Physical therapy is also started early for the recovery and strengthening of the muscles. Thus, Knee Replacement Surgery is a procedure that helps in restoring the lost joint function and giving quality life to the knee joint.

If you are looking for affordable knee joint replacement surgery outside your country, India is the best place to get the procedure done. Not only the cost is a fraction of what you would pay in any Western country, but the surgeons are equally skilled or even more. The hospitals offer state of the art facilities and have cutting edge technologies. There are medical tourism companies that connect you with the best hospitals in India and not only plan your travel but also provide you with all the details about your treatment and the things required. Some reputable companies have specially negotiated rates with the service providers and thus you get great discounts also.

For further assistance, call us at +91 93200 36777 or + 1 (877) 270 2448 (US toll-free). You may alternatively write to us at info@indicure.com or talk to us on Skype @ Indicure.