The most common conditions in which heart surgery is performed are – valvular heart disease, congenital heart disease, complications associated with ischemic heart disease, rheumatic heart disease, aneurysms etc.
The heart surgery is also performed to replace the damaged heart with a heart from donor or implanting devices to regulate heart rhythms.
Also known as Bypass Surgery or open heart surgery, the procedure involves re-routing the blood flow using a blood vessel from another body part to channel blood flow to the blocked area. The surgery is used in relieving angina in patients who have not benefited from medication and are not eligible to undergo angioplasty.
The graft is a common blood vessel created by attaching the graft artery above and below the area within the blocked artery thus diverting the blood flow to the new unblocked path. The graft is taken from an internal mammary artery of the chest or veins of the leg. During the surgery, the body is connected to a heart lung bypass machine so that the blood circulation to other parts is not hampered.
There is another procedure called Off Pump Coronary Artery Bypass in which blood flow is re-routed around the blocked coronary artery without stopping the heart.
The surgery is a minimally invasive procedure used for correction of coronary heart disease. It is called as “keyhole” heart surgery or endoscopic heart surgery. The surgery involves making a small incision on left side of the chest. The surgery is done on a beating heart and does not require a heart-lung machine.
The internal mammary artery is removed from the chest which is then harvested and stitched to the coronary arteries. This surgery involves lesser complications since the incision made is much smaller and thus results in quick recovery.
Valve Replacement - Heart valve replacement is a surgery in which the damaged heart valve is replaced by the grafts or parts from body tissues or synthetic heart valves to restore normal functioning of the heart.
The surgery involves making an incision on the chest wall and separation of the breastbone and ribs. This enables the surgeon to trace out the faulty valve. The edges around the valves are loosened from the tendons and then the valves are removed. The new valves are inserted and the patient is taken off the bypass machine and finally the chest is closed.
This surgery allows the surgeon to re-route the blood flow around a blocked coronary artery without stopping the heart.
The surgery is used to open blocked arteries of the heart. Angioplasty widens the narrowed or obstructed blood vessels that have resulted from atherosclerosis. A balloon catheter is inserted through the narrowed vessels and is inflated to crush the fatty deposits to improve the blood flow and then deflate and withdrawn.
A pacemaker is a small device used to control abnormal heart rhythms. The device is placed under the skin of the chest or abdomen and prompts the heart to beat at a normal rate. The implants are used to treat heart rhythms that are too irregular.
Valvuloplasty is the surgery used to widen the stenotic valve using a balloon catheter. The surgery improves the valve function and blood flow through the heart. The types of valvuloplasty are:
- Aortic valvuloplasty – The repair of a stenotic aortic valve is known as Aortic Valvuloplasty
- Mitral valvuloplasty – The correction of mitral valve is called as Mitral Valvuloplasty
Cost of Heart Surgery in India
Performing Heart Surgery requires a lot of precision and use of cutting-edge technologies such as 256 slice CT scan, Cardiac MRI, PET scan, SPECT thallium, 3D echocardiography, Contrast echocardiography and Robotic surgery that are available at state-of-the art hospitals in India.
People from countries such as Kenya, Nigeria, Uganda and east African countries where the prospects of finding a good healthcare set up is quite grim, often people travel to India for the heart surgery procedures.
The medical tourism companies in India have made it easy for people from far western countries such as USA, UK, Canada, Australia as well as from Middle east countries such as Saudi Arabia, UAE and Eastern countries to come to India for the medical treatment. The medical tourism companies in India can help you find the best heart hospital and best heart surgeon in India. Right from the diagnosis, treatment till the post surgery rehabilitation, these companies assist you with your treatment in India.
IndiCure is the premiere medical tourism company in India. IndiCure associated heart team is among the best heart surgeons in India who are stalwarts in the field of heart surgery. The heart hospitals that our surgeons operate at rival the best heart hospitals in India and in the world.
For further information about heart surgery in India, please write to us with medical reports of the patient to firstname.lastname@example.org