Minimally Invasive and Robotic Heart Surgery Abroad
The advent of minimally invasive heart surgery has given a new horizon to cardiac care in India. The blog discusses about recent advances in minimally invasive heart surgery and their costs in India.
Minimally invasive heart surgery involves use of sophisticated instruments and devices to perform heart surgery. The technique involves use of robotic devices and other thin instruments to perform the procedure. Minimally invasive heart surgery is done through tiny openings in the chest, unlike making a large incision through the breastbone or sternotomy, as done in conventional heart surgery.
The advantages of Minimally Invasive are many. There is lesser trauma and pain involved with the surgery, shorter hospital stay, faster return to normal activities, little scarring, no splitting of breast bone and minimal risks of neurological complications since heart lung machine is not used in most of the cases.
Robotic Heart Surgery is a type of minimally invasive heart surgery that allows surgeons to perform complex heart surgeries with smaller incisions. The surgeon uses a computer console equipped with robotic arms to perform heart surgery. The robotic arms are extension of surgeon’s hands. The surgeon looks through the tiny camera attached to robotic arm and provides surgeon with a greater range of motion to perform the surgery with precision. The incisions made with robotic surgery are less than 2 inches as compared to 3 to 4 inch incision in traditional minimal invasive heart surgery.
Robotic assisted Heart Surgery is done to treat a number of heat conditions such as regurgitation and stenosis of bicuspid valve, blockages in coronary arteries, angina, removal of cardiac tumours, repair of atrial septal defect and atrial fibrillation.
The heart surgeries performed with minimally invasive techniques in India:
Minimally Invasive Heart Bypass Surgery or MIDCAB – MIDCAB is used for the correction of coronary heart disease. The surgery is also known as “keyhole" heart surgery. The surgery is done on beating heart without use of a heart lung machine. The surgery is performed by making small incisions on the left side of the chest. The surgeon removes internal mammary artery using da Vinci robotic technique. The artery is then stitched to coronary arteries. The surgery is most preferred by surgeons now-a-days since there are lesser complications associated with the surgery.
Valve Repair andReplacement - Heart valve replacement surgery works by removing a damaged heart valve and substituting it with grafts or body parts or synthetic heart valves. Minimally invasive valve surgeries performed in India are:
· Aortic valve replacement
· Mitral valve replacement
· Tricuspid valve replacement
· Pulmonary valve replacement
Minimally Invasive Surgery for Atrial Septal DefectMinimally Invasive surgery allows closure of the atrial septal defects. The surgery is performed through small incisions without stopping heart or separating breast bone and rib cage. The other congenital heart diseases such as Ventricular Septal Defect and Tetralogy of Fallot are also performed by Minimally invasive technique.
The minimally invasive heart surgery is performed to treat many other heart diseases such as: Marfan syndrome (condition affecting aorta), Atrial fibrillation etc. Implantation of ventricular heart devices are also done with minimally invasive technique in India.
Cost of Minimally invasive Heart Surgery in India
It costs a fortune spending on heart surgery in western countries such as USA, UK, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and other European countries. For instance, Robotic Heart procedure in Australia costs about $60,000, the same procedure costs approximately $12, 000 to $ 15,000 in India.The package cost is inclusive of the procedure and hospital stay. Another procedure, Triple Heart bypass surgery in US costs approximately $ 40,000 to $ 60,000 about £ 20,000, in UK whereas in India it costs only $ 8000 or £ 5000. Thus it is much advantageous to come to India for heart surgery.
With rise of medical tourism and ever improving healthcare facilities in India, more and more people from African countries such as Kenya, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda, Ghana, Sudan as well as middle east countries such as UAE, Kuwait, Qatar, Oman and many from Afghanistan, Iraq, Iran and other countries are heading to India for various heart surgery procedures.
With minimally invasive cardiac surgery allowing surgeons to perform heart surgery with precision and lesser trauma than conventional cardiac operations, the technique has been well adopted across many state-of-the art heart hospitals in India. Many a medical tourist from all over the world now travel abroad to India for seeking quality and affordable minimally invasive heart surgery in India.