Thursday, July 26, 2012

Total arterial coronary bypass grafting- latest graft technique for best outcome in heart bypass surgery

Coronary artery bypass surgery, colloquially, heart bypass or bypass surgery is a surgical procedure that is being successfully done for more than 40 years to treat Coronary Heart Disease (CHD), or simply Heart disease, in which there is narrowing of the arteries of heart which cuts off blood flow to the heart muscle, and can cause a heart attack.

  

The first successful heart bypass surgery was done in 1964 by a Russian heart surgeon & since then there have been several advancements in the procedure.    

How CABG works:

The basic premise for the CABG surgery is that it uses a working blood vessel from another part of the body to channel blood around the blocked area.  A graft, which is a common blood vessel, created to clear a blocked artery, is attached above and below the area within the blocked artery so that the blood flow can be diverted to the new, unblocked path, and hence blood flows freely to the heart. 


How CABG works:

The basic premise for the CABG surgery is that it uses a working blood vessel from another part of the body to channel blood around the blocked area.  A graft, which is a common blood vessel, created to clear a blocked artery, is attached above and below the area within the blocked artery so that the blood flow can be diverted to the new, unblocked path, and hence blood flows freely to the heart. 


Saphenous Vein- Graft

In the initial years after the development of the procedure, Saphenous vein, which is harvested from the leg, was used as a bypassing channel, which became the typical bypass graft technique for several years. However, within a decade of the development of bypass surgery it became clear that obstructions could develop in saphenous vein to coronary bypass grafts and that the chances of obstruction development increased with time. It was observed that by 10 years after the surgery, more than half of vein grafts had either complete obstruction or more than 75% obstruction & thus needed repeat surgery for bypass grafting.  

Latest arterial graft:



The arterial graft not only has an edge over the vein graft in terms of performance in the initial years after the surgery, long-term follow-up studies, including angiograms, have shown that these grafts continued to function well for many years, even up to 20 years after operation.


Advantages of arterial graft over vein graft:

  •  ·         90% chance of functioning well, early after operation
  •  ·         Arterial grafts continue to function well for many years , even up to 20 years
  •  ·         Minimal chances of development of obstructions
  •  ·         Minimal chances for need of reoperation

After several studies regarding the short term & long term benefits of veinous & arterial grafts have been completed, it has been established that the arterial grafts give much superior results & have thus become a standard part of operations for coronary bypass grafting.

Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery in India

Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting is available at best heart hospitals in India that have been operating on patients from all over the world. Some of the top heart hospitals in India have successfully treated patients from countries such as USA, UK, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and many other western countries. The countries such as Kenya, Nigeria, Uganda, Ghana and other African countries where the healthcare facilities are still at a low ebb, patients from these countries have found India to be one of the best destinations for the treatment of complex cardiac conditions. The cost of CABG is much affordable and less than the price of heart surgery in countries such as USA or Canada.

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For more information about Total Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in India, write to info@indicure.com or call at +919818462127 or +919320036777. Visit - http://www.indicure.com/heart-surgery/cardiac-bypass.htm    or   http://www.indicure.com/heart-surgery.htm