Infertility Treatment - In – Vitro Fertilization Surgery in India
Q - What is infertility?
A - Infertility is the condition when a woman is not able to get pregnant after one year of trying for conception or six months if a woman is older than 35. For a woman to get pregnant, she must release an egg which must go through fallopian tube to reach uterus. In uterus, the egg must meet a sperm to fertilize the egg and finally the fertilized egg must attach the inside of uterus called implantation. In the course of these events, if there occurs any problem in any of these steps, infertility happens.
Q - Is infertility related to women only?
A - No, infertility is not related to women alone. Either man or a woman or both can have problems that lead to infertility. A third of infertility problems occur because of man’s fertility problems, another third of them are because of woman and rest one third occur because of both man and woman.
Q - What leads to infertility in men?
A - The most common causes that lead to infertility in men are:
Problems related to movement of the sperm - This could be because of shape of the sperm or because of any damages in the reproductive tract of woman which blocks the sperm.
Varicocele – A condition in which there are large veins on a man’s testicles which heats up the testicles. This affects the number or shape of the sperms.
Q - What are the options available to treat infertility?
A – Treatment of fertility depends on various factors such as – the period one has been infertile, age of both man and woman. However, a woman can restore fertility with medical procedures commonly known as assisted reproductive technology to achieve pregnancy.
There are many options available to treat infertility. Some of them are:
- In-vitro fertilization
- Intracytoplasmic sperm injection
- Gamete intra-fallopian transfer
- Zygote intra-fallopian transfer
- Micro-epididymal sperm aspiration
- Testicular sperm extraction
- Sub-zonal insemination
- Micro-insemination sperm transfer
Q - What is In-vitro fertilization?
A – In – vitrofertilization is a process in which an egg is fertilized by sperm outside the body. In vitro is a Latin Term which means - “in glass”, a glass container or a culture dish in which fertilization takes place. IVF is done by using drugs and hormones and stimulates a woman’s ovaries to produce mature eggs. The mature egg is removed from the ovum and is made to fertilize by the sperm in a fluid medium in a laboratory. The fertilized egg is then transferred to patient’s uterus to achieve successful pregnancy. The birth of the child is referred to as “test tube baby”. Louise Brown was the first test tube baby, borne in 1978.
Q – What is the step by step procedure of In-Vitro Fertilization?
A – IVF is aimed to achieve fertilization of egg outside woman’s body. IVF process begins with initial check-up to monitor the health of the woman undergoing IVF. Once the initial check-up is done and the menstrual cycle ascertained, it is checked if the patient is allergic to drugs to be administered during the course of treatment.
The step by step procedure of In-Vitro Fertilization is:
1. Ovarian Hyper stimulation and Monitoring the development of eggs in the ovaries
There are two protocols that stimulate ovaries for IVF stimulation.
(1) Long Protocol - Down regulation or Suppression of Pituitary Ovarian Axis
There is suppression of pituitary ovarian axis by prolonged use of hormone – GnRH agonist. Following downregulation of pituitary ovarian axis, the ovaries are hyperstimulated using Follicle Stimulating Hormone or FSH after 10 to 14 days. The IVF cycle using this method is known as conventional IVF.
(2) Short Protocol
This part skips the downregulation and a regimen of fertility medications is given to the woman to stimulate development of multiple follicles of ovaries. Injectable gonadotropins, FSH analogues are given under close monitoring. Such a monitoring checks estradiol levels and Leutinizing Hormones and gives physicians the time to start ovulation process by using human chorionic gonadotropins.
2. Egg Retrieval – Once the oocytes are ready to be retrieved, they are collected using ultrasound guided needles. Usually – 8 to 15 eggs are retrieved. After the process, the woman is taken to recovery room for rest and recovery.
3. Collection of Sperms - Sperm collection is a simple process. Sometimes surgery is done to collect the sperms when man is incapable of ejaculating the semen.
4. Fertilization – Once the eggs and semen are retrieved, they are taken to the laboratory to induce fertilization. When a single sperm is injected directly into the egg, the procedure is known as Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection. Following fertilization, the embryos are incubated for several days.
5. Transfer of Embryos – After a few days, the physician evaluates the embryos and two to four embryos are implanted into the woman’s uterus. The embryos are transferred through cervix into the uterus using a catheter.
Q – Who is a candidate for In-Vitro Fertilization?
A – In – vitro fertilization can help couples overcome various types of infertility. Suitable candidates for IVF are those who have:
- Cervical mucus problems
- Damaged or Blocked fallopian tubes
- Genetic diseases
- Low sperm count or other sperm problems
- Male factor infertility
- Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
- Unexplained infertility
Q – What are the advantages of In – Vitro fertilization?
A – The major benefit of undergoing IVF surgery is the increased likelihood of conception and pregnancy in women who have been so far unsuccessful in achieving pregnancy. Especially among women who are above 35, there is a high success rate of achieving pregnancy at this age with In-Vitro Fertilization surgery.
Q – What is the success rate of In-Vitro Fertilization?
A – The success rate of IVF depends upon a number of factors that include the reasons of infertility, the age of the patient and from where the procedure has been done. The success rate of IVF is 20 – 50 % per IVF cycle. The success of IVF surgery depends on accurate timing of entire IVF procedure.
Q – Why should one
consider undergoing IVF surgery in
A – IVF surgery is highly recommended in
The surgery is done at state-of the art hospitals considered among the best
hospitals all over the world. The surgeons performing IVF surgery are highly
skilled and competent to perform IVF surgery. Owing to the experience and
skills of the surgeons, the success rates of people coming to India for IVF surgery has been
recorded high among excellent health providers in the world. India
The cost of IVF surgery in
is much cheaper and affordable as compared to the western countries such as USA, UK,
Canada, Australia, or other western
countries. New Zealand
Q – How much does IVF
surgery cost in
A – IVF surgery costs much less as compared to what one would pay in western countries. For instance the average price of IVF surgery in
is approximately – 2000 USD whereas the surgery costs approximately 14,000 USD
in UK, 15,000USD in USA and approximately 10,000USD in . Singapore
To get a no obligation, free consultation for IVF surgery in
,Write to firstname.lastname@example.org or Call us at
+919818462127 or +919320036777. India