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Heart Bypass Surgery – Important Things to Know
Heart Bypass Surgery
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft, commonly known as Heart Bypass
Surgery is a surgical procedure to treat heart diseases when coronary arteries
are blocked. The procedure involves grafting of arteries or veins from another
part of the body to bypass the narrowed or blocked arteries. The procedure helps in improving the blood supply to the heart muscles or myocardium.
Schematic of Hear Bypass Surgery
The graft is a blood vessel which is attached above and below the
blocked area to re-route the blood flow to a new unblocked path.
·When there is a significant risk of heart
attack. The number, location and extent of coronary stenosis indicate risk of
heart attack to the patient.
During or immediately after a heart attack, the coronary
artery bypass surgery is performed.
The Heart Bypass Surgery Procedure
The Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery is performed under general
anaesthesia. The surgery begins by making an 8-10 inch surgical incision in the
middle of the chest. The breastbone is separated to expose the heart and aorta
(the blood vessel supplying blood from heart to rest of the body).
The surgery is performed can be performed using a heart-lung bypass machine. In this surgery, the machine takes
over the work of heart while the heart is stopped during the surgery. The machine
supplies oxygen to the blood and moves blood throughout the body.
Coronary Artery Bypass Machine (Off –Pump CABG)
of surgery does not involve use of a heart lung machine. The bypass is done
while heart is still beating. The doctor takes a vein or artery from another
body part such as saphenous vein or internal mammary artery to re-route the
blocked area of the artery.
Once the graft has been created, the breast bone is closed with
wire and the surgical cut is closed with stitches. The surgery takes
usually 4-6 hours after which the patient is taken to Intensive care unit.
refinement of Off – Pump CABG is Minimally
Invasive Heart Bypass Surgery. The procedure is done in patients whose heart
blockages can be bypassed through small openings on the left side of the chest.
MIDCAB is indicated in patients with disorders such as lung diseases, kidney
disorders or peripheral vascular diseases.
Prognosis of surgery
The prognosis of heart bypass surgery is good. Although the
benefits may not be visible for 3 to 6 months but post heart bypass surgery,
the grafts remain open and work well for many years.
One is advised to:
·Eat heart healthy diet
·Control high blood sugar and treat high blood
CABG helps in relieving angina and improves the long term survival
of patients suffering from stenosis of left main coronary arteries or low heart
muscle pump function.
After CABG, the patient recovers in intensive care and spends 3 to
7 days in the hospital. Within 24 hours the patient is moved to a regular or
transitional care room. During the recovery period, drugs are prescribed to
control pain and prevent unwanted blood clotting. On third day, one can resume
normal routine including eating regular food, sitting up and walking around.
The patient generally recovers completely within 6 to 8 weeks.
With Minimally Invasive Cardiac bypass Surgery, the recovery is
quite fast with lesser pain. One is supposed to spend 12 – 24 hours in recovery
area where all the vitals of the patient are regularly monitored. Within 1 to 4
weeks, the patient generally returns to work, resume non-strenous work, driving
and participate in light activities.
Many people consider traveling abroad for heart surgery either
because of lack of good heart surgery hospitals or because of high cost of
medical treatment in their home country. In the countries such as Russia where
there are lack of optimum healthcare facilities, many a people travel to India
for heart surgery procedures. The same goes with some other African countries
such as Kenya, Nigeria, Uganda from where a lot many medical tourists come to
India for heart surgery.
Heart Bypass Surgery cost at Best Heart Surgery
Hospitals in India
Heart Bypass Surgery is now available at best cardiac care
hospitals in India. With rise of medical tourism and affordability of treatment in India, many a people are now traveling to India for even complicated heart surgeries.
Of the many reasons why people prefer India for heart surgery is
the affordability of heart surgery at best heart hospitals in India.
Another reason being availability of cutting edge technology for treating complex heart surgeries such as triple heart bypass surgery or quadruple heart bypass surgery by best heart surgeons in India.The other advantages of getting heart
surgery in India are – easy access to healthcare facilities in India for most of the
Asia-Pacific countries, English speaking hospital staff and personnel and the
overall heart surgery package which is much affordable as compared to other
western countries such as USA, UK, Canada and other European countries.
heart surgery is quite expensive in countries such as UK where the cost of a
simple heart procedure begins from £12,000 or approximately USD 20,000 whereas the cost of heart surgery in India is approximately USD 5500 - USD 7800.Thus heart surgery is available at much affordable prices in India as compared to other
For getting heart surgery at best
heart hospitals in India, one can easily get through a good medical
tourism company in India. IndiCure is the premium medical tourism company that
has association with best heart surgeons and best heart surgery hospitals and
clinics in India.
For more information about Heart surgery
procedures in India,write to us at email@example.com or call us at +919818462127 or
+919320036777 or send in us a