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Cancer Treatment in India

Introduction

Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide. According to the WHO, more than 70% of all cancer deaths occur in low to middle-income countries. It is also estimated that cancer deaths worldwide are projected to rise to 11.5 million in 2030.

Cancer is a condition wherein there is abnormal growth of cells in a specific part of the body. These cancer cells may sooner or later spread into the surrounding tissues.

Risk factors for Cancers

        Use of Tobacco
        Use of Alcohol
        Physical inactivity
        Dietary factors, including insufficient fruit and vegetable intake
        Obesity and overweight
        Chronic infections
        Environmental or occupational risks

Types of Cancer

Cancer can occur in any part of the body. Currently, there are over 200 types of cancers. The leading types are discussed as follows:



Cancer Treatment in India

Numerous cancer treatments are available in India depending on the type of cancer, the stage, to what extent cancer has spread and the patient's overall health. The only goal of the treatment is killing as many cancerous cells and minimise the damage to nearby normal cells. The general treatment plan followed is as follows:

· Chemotherapy: In this treatment plan, cancer cells are destroyed using chemicals/injectable drugs
·  Radiation therapy: In this treatment plan, cancer cells are destroyed using high-intensity energy rays.
·     Biological therapy: Also known as immunotherapy, wherein the patient's own body's immune system is used to fight cancer.
·   Targeted drug therapy:  In this treatment plan, the substances that provoke the division and growth of cancer cells are restricted using drugs.
·       Surgery: During cancer surgery, cancer is directly removed.

Most of the patients are recommended to undergo a combination of the above treatment plans while some undergo just one treatment plan.

Lung Cancer Treatment: The golden standard for lung cancer treatment is surgery which involves the complete removal of the cancerous tumour. The procedures that are usually performed are Wedge resection or segmental resection, Lobectomy, and Pneumonectomy. These procedures are performed using VATS (Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery).

Blood Cancer Treatment: Depending on the medical condition of the patient, blood cancer can be treated through the following options:

·       Chemotherapy
·       Radiation therapy
·       Biological therapy

       Bone Marrow Transplant: Also known as the Stem Cell Transplant, it is one of the most preferred procedures for the treatment of lymphomas and leukaemia.

Breast Cancer Treatment: Depending on the stage and spread of breast cancer, treatment is generally followed by Chemotherapy or Radiotherapy or Medication therapy. Cancer can also be treated surgically using two approaches mainly Breast-Conserving Surgery and Breast Removal Surgery.

Prostate Cancer Treatment: This can be treated using the following options:

·       Radiation Therapy
·       Chemotherapy
·       Biological therapy
·     Hormone therapy: The therapy involves the inhibition of testosterone production that stops the growth of the cells or directly kill them.
· Surgery: The surgical removal of the cancerous prostate gland is known as Prostatectomy. There are two approaches to prostatectomy: Laparoscopic prostatectomy and Robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy.

Pancreatic Cancer Treatment: The options to treat pancreatic cancer are as follows:

·       Radiation Therapy
·       Chemotherapy
·       Biological therapy
·       Targeted drug therapy
·       Surgery: This involves the excision of part of the pancreas but is indicated only when the cancerous cells are confined to the pancreas. There two main approaches are Pancreatoduodenectomy and Distal pancreatectomy.

Liver Cancer Treatment: The most commonly preferred treatment for liver cancer is liver surgery. The two main types of surgical options are Partial Hepatectomy and Liver transplant surgery.

Colon Cancer Treatment: The options to treat colon cancer are as follows:                                                                                                                               
·       Radiation Therapy
·       Chemotherapy
·    Surgery: This aims to the removal of colon or rectum or a part of it affected by the cancerous cells. The two main types are Polypectomy and Colectomy.

Oral Cancer Treatment: Depending on the stage and extent of cancer, oral cancer can be treated by surgery alone or a combination of surgery and chemotherapy or radiotherapy. The most commonly preferred treatment for oral cancer is surgical removal of the tumor in the mouth.

Throat Cancer Treatment: The most common treatment for throat cancer is surgical removal of the tumor in the throat. In some cases, surgery can be followed by chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy depending on the stage and spread of cancer.

Growth and Advances in Cancer Treatment in India

Cancer treatments available in India match the best in the world. With an increasing number of cancer cases being diagnosed every year, cancer treatment advancements are also increasing.

Moreover, the treatment outcomes have shown a swift improvement over the time. The availability of efficient chemotherapy drugs and monoclonal antibodies are the two main reasons for this improvement. Sophisticated radiation therapy like 3-D CRT or a combination of chemotherapy and radiation therapy accounts for 80% of the treatments nowadays. 

Advancements in technology have immensely contributed to the safety of many cancer treatments. Nowadays, most abdominal surgeries are being managed laparoscopically. The advent of radiation therapies like image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) has been precise in the case of pelvic cancers.

In the case of paediatric cancer, survival rates have increased dramatically in India. For example, almost 60-70% of children with osteogenic sarcoma and acute lymphatic leukemia are cured.

Cost of Cancer Treatment in India

India is considered as one of the most affordable places for cancer treatment in the world. The cost of cancer treatment in India is less than a sixth of what it costs to get the same quality of treatment in Western countries.

·       Chemotherapy cost in India varies from $ 1,000 to $ 1,500.
·       Radiotherapy cost in India varies from $ 4,000 to $ 5,000.
·       The cost of surgery for lung cancer treatment ranges from $ 3,000 to $ 7,000.
·    The cost of breast-conserving surgery for breast cancer ranges from $ 3,000 to $ 4,500.
·      The cost of radical prostatectomy in India for prostate cancer starts from $ 5500.
·   The cost of partial hepatectomy in India for liver cancer ranges from $ 7,000 to $ 9,000.
·       Liver transplant cost in India for liver cancer ranges from $ 40,000 to $ 42,000.

These costs may vary depending upon the medical condition of the patient, facility and the city you choose to undergo the treatment.

Best Surgeons for Cancer Treatment in India

Ø Dr. Arvinder Singh Soin; MBBS, MS, FRCS, FRCS
·       Experience of 30+ Years
·       He has been the pioneer in establishing liver transplantation in India.
·       Special Interests: Liver Transplantation, Management for Liver cancer, Cirrhosis, Cancers of Bile Duct and Gall Bladder, Biliary Strictures, Liver Metastasis, Liver cysts, Biliary Atresia, etc.

Ø Dr. Vikram Sharma; MBBS, MS (Gen. Surg), PG Diploma in Urology, London, UK
·       Experience of 30+ Years
·       He is one of the very senior and renowned urology surgeons in India.
·       Special Interests: Genitourinary Cancer Surgery.

Ø Dr. Vivek Vij; MBBS, MS, MRCS (Edinburgh), DNB
·       Experience of 17+ Years
·       He is a pioneering liver transplant surgeon currently heading the Fortis Liver Transplant team with a cumulative experience of more than 2000 liver transplants.
·       Special Interests: GI cancers, Organ Transplantation.

Ø Dr. Mufazzal Lakdawala; MBBS, MS, Fellowship in bariatric surgery (Cleveland Clinic, Ohio)
·       Experience of 15+ Years
·       He is an internationally recognized Surgeon, specializing in Minimal Invasive Surgery and Onco Surgery.
·       Special Interests: Advanced Colorectal Cancer Surgery, GI Oncology surgery.

Ø Dr. Subhash Gupta; MBBS, MS
·       Experience of 30+ Years
·       He is currently the Head Liver transplant and HPB surgeon at Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi.
·       Special Interests: Resections for complex and advanced liver cancers, Gall bladder cancer, and bile duct cancer.


Ø Fortis Hospital, Mumbai
Ø Apollo Hospital, Chennai

The Last Word

According to Ramakant Deshpande, Onco-Surgeon and Vice Chairman of Asian Cancer Institute, the patients who approach in the 1st stage of cancer often have 85% chances of cure; in 2nd stage, there 60% chances of cure; in 3rd stage, there are 30% chances and those who approach in the 4th stage will not survive for more than 5 years.

Therefore, it is advisable to start early with the diagnosis and treatment to avoid any further complications. Moreover, India offers the best and budget-friendly cancer treatment to people worldwide. Owing to this, millions have travelled and are still travelling to India for affordable cancer treatment in the world.


About IndiCure

IndiCure is one of the largest and most renowned medical tourism company in India offering cancer treatment at best cancer hospitals in India at most affordable cost. 

We are reachable on phone at +91 9320036777 (India) or +1 8772702448 (US Toll-Free)  

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